Language

Visa

According to the Law of the People’s Republic of China on Entry and Exit of Aliens, a Chinese visa is a permit issued by the Chinese Visa Authorities to an alien for entry into, exit from or transit through China.

Chinese visas fall into four types: diplomatic visa, courtesy visa, service visa and ordinary visa. The ordinary visas consist of eight sub-categories, which are marked with Chinese phonetic letters (D, Z, X, F, L, G, C, J-1 and J-2 respectively).


Tourist and Family Visit Visa (L-visa)  
issued to a foreign citizen who comes to China for tourist purposes, family visit or other personal affairs.
Business Visa (F-visa)issued to a foreign citizen who is invited to China for visit, study or lecture, business tour, for scientific-technological and cultural exchanges, short-term advanced studies or for intern practice, or attending various kinds of trade fairs or exhibitions, intern practice for a period of less than six months.
Student Visa (X-visa)issued to a foreign citizen who comes to China for the purpose of study or advanced study or intern practice for a period of six or more months.
Work Visa (Z-visa)

issued to a foreign citizen who comes to China to work and his or her accompanying family members, or to give commercial performances in China.
Transit Visa (G-visa)
issued to a foreign citizen who is to transit through China

Crew Visa (C-visa)issued to crew member performing his/her duties on board an international train, or on an international airline, to a sailor on board an international ocean-liner or freighter, and also to their accompanying family members.


Journalist Visa (J-visa)
issued to foreign journalists. J-visa has two categories: J-1 visa is issued to foreign resident journalists in China and their accompanying spouses and under-age children; J-2 visa is issued to foreign journalists who visit China for temporary news coverage.

Permanent Residence Visa (D-visa)issued to a foreign citizen who are to reside permanently in China


The overseas Chinese visa authorities are Chinese embassies, consulates, visa offices and other agencies abroad authorized by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China. If a foreign citizen intends to enter, exit or transit through China, he/she shall apply for a Chinese visa in advance. For further information, please consult the nearest Chinese visa authorities.